brain injurybrain injury

Brain injuries are some of the worst injuries a person can suffer. The human brain is incredibly complex. Different regions of the brain control conscious and unconscious processes, from the ability to move the body at will to processing sensory information. When the brain suffers any type of injury, there is always potential for the injury to result in permanent disability and unpredictable long-term complications.

A serious personal injury lawyer in Folsom, California, can be an invaluable ally when a person suffers a brain injury. The victim may be unable to fight for their own rights in court, and they must rely on family members or other personal advocates to work closely with an attorney if another party is responsible for their brain injury. Personal injury lawsuits for brain injuries and other serious personal injuries are complex and require experienced, compassionate legal representation.

The Law Office of Black & DePaoli, PC Can Help

At The Law Office of Black & DePaoli, PC, our legal team has a rich professional background in the fields of insurance, criminal justice, and personal injury law. We understand that brain injury cases require compassion, comprehensive legal representation, and keen attention to detail. We take every case with a client-based approach and know that these are difficult cases and. We consider the fact that the full extent of the damages resulting from a brain injury may not be immediately measurable. Some brain injuries can cause unpredictable effects in the future, and we do everything in our power to ensure each client we represent receives our full attention and access to the full range of our resources.

There are many possible types of brain injuries a person could suffer, and it is not always possible to predict the effects a brain injury will have. Two people could suffer similar brain injuries and experience vastly different recovery processes and long-term effects. When you choose The Law Office of Black & DePaoli, PC, as your brain injury personal injury attorney in Folsom, California, you have peace of mind. We will do everything we can to determine the full extent of your damages and help you maximize your recovery.

Traumatic Brain Injuries: Types and Possible Effects

A traumatic brain injury occurs when the victim’s head experiences trauma from outside forces. Some of the most common causes of traumatic brain injuries are motor vehicle accidents, interpersonal violence, and sports accidents. Traumatic brain injuries come in many forms.


Concussions are some of the most commonly seen traumatic brain injuries in the United States. Summer activities such as football or even jumping into pools can cause concussions. Every year, many people sustain concussions from playing contact sports and experiencing motor vehicle accidents. A concussion occurs when a sudden, intense movement causes the brain to strike the inside of the skull. The blood vessels in the affected area of the brain might stretch, and the impact will likely damage some cranial nerves.

Some concussions may result in brief periods of unconsciousness. Severe concussions may cause additional problems such as diffuse axonal injuries, which, in turn, lead to permanent brain damage. Additionally, some concussions can potentially lead to severe blood clots that are sometimes fatal.

A concussion is sometimes a complex neurobehavioral syndrome, meaning it does not show up on standard imaging tests such as CAT scans. This is often the case when there is no sign of skull fracture or other physical damage to the head and brain. Physicians must diagnose the concussion by exclusion.

Concussions may take weeks or even months to heal. There is also a wide range of potential side effects to them, including Post-Concussion Syndrome, a complicated condition that is difficult to treat. Some of the possible side effects of a concussion include:

  • Periods of unconsciousness.
  • Memory loss.
  • Changes in personality and mood swings.
  • Severe headaches.
  • Depression.
  • Nausea and vomiting.

The effects of a concussion are often unpredictable, and they may last for quite a long time after the initial incident that caused the concussion.


A brain contusion is simply a bruise or bleeding on the brain itself. This may result from a direct blow to the head, such as an object falling on a person’s head. Contusions damage brain tissue, and large enough contusions may necessitate surgical removal.

Like concussions, contusions can cause a wide range of potential side effects, and they can be difficult to treat. There is also a possibility of any direct blow to the head, causing a Coup-Contrecoup injury. Due to the round shape of the head and brain, an impact on one side of the brain can cause a similar injury on the direct opposite side of the brain. Such injuries occur when the impact is strong enough on one side to cause the brain to slam into the skull on the opposite side.

Diffuse Axonal Injuries

This form of brain injury typically results from rapid movement. When the motion of the brain cannot keep up with the motion of the skull and the fluid suspending the brain inside the skull, brain structures can tear. Shaken Baby Syndrome is one form of diffuse axonal injury that can have fatal results when infants are violently shaken.

Violent momentum shifts or rotational forces can cause diffuse axonal injuries. Damaged nerve tissue may release neurochemicals into different parts of the brain, which could cause additional injuries. As nerve tissue tears, this disrupts the brain’s ability to communicate with the rest of the body. Diffuse axonal injuries are fatal in many cases and cause lasting damage in others.

Penetrative Brain Injuries

When a foreign object such as a bullet or stabbing weapon penetrates the skull and damages the brain, this is a penetrative brain injury. Firearms are one of the leading causes of fatal penetrative brain injuries. In some cases, a bullet entering the brain may be a “through-and-through” injury that enters one side of the brain and exits the skull through the other side of the head. In other cases, the bullet may enter the brain and then ricochet inside of the skull. In either case, victims of gunshot wounds to the head rarely survive. It is also possible for a person to suffer a penetrative brain injury from flying debris during a car accident and other projectiles.

Hypoxia and Anoxia

The human brain requires a steady supply of oxygen to function correctly. When the brain’s oxygen supply is cut off due to drowning, chemical exposure, or other causes, the brain will start to experience severe injury. Hypoxia describes the brain receiving too little oxygen, and Anoxia describes any instance in which the brain’s oxygen supply is completely severed. Toxic Anoxia can occur when a substance in the bloodstream prevents the brain from using the oxygen in the blood.

Potential Effects of a Brain Injury

In the worst-case scenario, a brain injury is fatal. Death may be instant in some cases and take several minutes to several hours in others. In some cases, brain injuries are damaging enough to leave a person in a coma or vegetative state for an extended period, during which the inactivity in the brain causes brain tissue to begin deteriorating.

Nonfatal brain injuries can still be life-altering incidents. It’s possible for a person to sustain a brain injury and develop a permanent disability. They may lose the ability to speak, see, hear, or process sensory information correctly. Some individuals develop problems with language processing, while others experience significant personality changes. Ultimately, the effects of a brain injury are largely unpredictable.

Types of Brain InjuriesTypes of Brain Injuries

Secure Legal Counsel for Your Brain Injury Claim

When a person sustains a brain injury due to the negligent actions of another party, their loved ones may struggle to determine the best steps to take toward recovery. An experienced brain injury attorney in Folsom, California, can be a tremendous help in this kind of situation. If you are unsure how to approach a brain injury claim in the Folsom area, contact The Law Office of Black & DePaoli, PC today to schedule a consultation with our legal team.

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